Earth & Environment



2011 | Deltares | EU project

Drought Early Warning Systems for Africa


DEWFORA is a European FP7 project, aimed at reducing vulnerability and strengthening preparedness to droughts in Africa. This is done by advancing drought forecasting, early warning and mitigation practices. A framework is developed for monitoring, predicting, timely warning and responding to droughts at the seasonal time scales. The frame work will be appropriate for use in the institutional context of African countries. DEWFORA’s results will help to improve both the identification of vulnerable regions, especially in the light of increased hazards due to climate change and to choose appropriate adaptation measures after such identification.

In Dewfora:

  • Existing capacities in Africa in terms of drought monitoring, forecasting and warning will be assessed, as well as identification of constraints and opportunities for improvement.
  • To enhance drought monitoring methods through improved drought indicators that integrate drought hazard and vulnerability in a risk based approach, and to understand the relationship between drought hazard and vulnerability in the current climate and how this will change as a result of climate change.
  • To increase the performance of methods used for forecasting droughts in Africa by implementing state-of-the-art in (seasonal) meteorological, hydrological and agricultural forecasting, and by adopting and adapting methods used in Europe, Australia and the US.
  • To improve early warning of droughts through identification of appropriate thresholds for initiation of mitigation activities, and establishing mitigation and adaptation strategies to increase resilience to drought at seasonal and longer time scales.

Dewfora started in 2011 and has a duration of 36 months. The consortium exists of 17 institutes.

Case Studies

  • Eastern Nile Basin
  • Limpopo Basin
  • Oum-Er-Rbia Basin
  • Niger River Basin
  • Pan-African Forecasting System
  • Drought Forecasting in EU/African Perspectives